On December 8, the 2022 final meeting of the National Cyber Security Cluster was held, dedicated to the war in cyberspace waged by russia against Ukraine.
Director of the Cyber Protection Department of the State Service of Special Communications Administration, Danylo Myalkovskii, reminded that a number of important laws were passed in 2022. Legislative changes, in particular, relate to active countermeasures against aggression in cyberspace, cloud services and placement of state information resources in the “clouds”, protection of Ukraine’s critical infrastructure. Work continues on other legal acts that will allow to regulate the response to various types of events in cyberspace, to strengthen the protection against cyberattacks of state information resources and objects of critical information infrastructure and others.
He also emphasized the strengthening of international cooperation. Among the reliable partners of the State Service of Special Communications are the US Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA), the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA), the CERT-EU Computer Emergency Response Team. Efforts to counter cyber threats are joined with many European countries – Romania, Poland, etc. 1
After February 24, the world order has changed. The full-scale war waged by russia against Ukraine is being waged, including in cyberspace. Moreover, not only Ukraine is under the crosshairs of russian hackers, but also its allies – practically the entire democratic, civilized world. 2
Microsoft says that russia will intensify cyberattacks on Ukraine and its partners in the winter. Clint Watts, general manager of Microsoft’s Digital Threat Analysis Center, urged customers to prepare for new russian cyberattacks in a blog post on the company’s “About the Issues” blog. 3
An interesting observation regarding the cyberattacks on Ukraine is that russian cybercriminals have compromised the networks of many global organizations based in the UK, France, USA, Brazil and South Africa to conduct their cyberattacks through rerouting through their networks. 4
In general, russian cyberattacks turned out to be weaker than expected. “We expected much more serious consequences,” said Mike Eoyang, the Pentagon’s senior cyber officer. – russian cyber troops, like their regular army, turned out not to be as formidable as it was believed to be.
The main reason for russian failures was Ukrainian cyber defense. The head of Britain’s National Cyber Security Center (NCSC), Lindy Cameron, believes that the russian offensive was “probably the longest and most intense cyber campaign in history.” But as Jeremy Fleming, the head of the British Office of Government Communications, noted, Ukraine’s response was “perhaps the most effective in the history of cyber defense.” 5
Thanks to this support, Ukraine can build and develop the cyber defense capacity of its armed forces to detect intrusions into information systems, combat cyber attacks and strengthen their overall cyber security capabilities. 7
As part of the EU4DigitalUA project of the European Union, a cyber security training tour was organized for representatives of Ukrainian state bodies to Madrid to exchange experience on the implementation of the national cyber security strategy. 10
Development of the Cyber Sphere
Resistance to Cyber Attacks
IT ARMY of Ukraine:
During November, the IT army of Ukraine attacked more than 900 russian sites and online resources. 31 Among them:
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